Turkana is a lake in northern Kenya, formed as part of the famous African Rift Valley. It is also the name of the area of Kenya to the west of Lake Turkana, which borders with Sudan to the north and Uganda to the west, as well as the name of the tribe who lives there.


Turkana is mostly a semi-desert, through which run a few important rivers – such as the Turkwell and Kerio – that drain the surrounding mountains into the lake. There are only a few towns in the province, such as Lodwar, Lokichoggio, Lokitaung and Kakuma, and most of the population is rural, living in small villages or manyatas (family homesteads) that may themselves move location from time to time.